long position

thefashionadvisors.info will shut down on September 15th Forever? Who knows. Google has changed its Google API pricing structure. Free map views were cut from to per month (%), the price of additional map views went up from $ to $7 (+%).

Not to be rude, but the truth is, Budweiser and nearly all mass produced beers are just plain junk!


“A position that is in a specific stock characterized by the size of shares acquired or held and considering if it is long term or short term in the market region is known as stock position”.

A lot less driven teenaged drivers. I got my first club membership in Texarkana, TX at the ripe old age of Texas was one of the last if not the very last holdouts on the National Minimum Drinking Age act. Texarkana was dry on the Texas 18 side, but not on the Arkansas 21 side. Could i ask you a question? Low-alcohol beer starts out as regular alcoholic beer, which is then cooked in order to evaporate the alcohol. Does this step make the cost of production higher than regular beer? As I know, we can adjust temperatures, or change ingredients less Malt, more rice to reduce alcohol.

I think this step makes the production expenses of light beer cheaper than regular beer just guess. Mik — There is no reason to cook off the extra alcohol.

There is a misconception that lagers are all pale and light. Or a Marzen against any amber ale. Maybe on hoppiness, but all those hops are bad for manly hormone levels anyway. To get reduced alcohol beer, why not just add pure water perhaps somewhat carbonated to regular beer? To cut to the chase. How I as a amateur tell my friends the difference between lager and ale.

Ale is top barrell. It just takes longer to brew a lager. Top or bottom means nothing regarding quality. America is partial to lagers for the most part. I apologize for the simplicity. I think the main point is that lagers are brewed at a colder temperature than ales.

In order to accomplish brewing at a colder temperature, a different kind of yeast is required. As an amateur brewer, I used to brew lager in a refrigerator in order to achieve the colder temperature shelves removed to allow 1 or more carboys to fit in. I really like this site. Especially that you can comment. Got alot of good information today. Top notch commentary, Eckhardt. I took a class on the science of beer. It quickly transformed from interestingly presented lectures about different cultures — which I found that I loved — and the various flavors and aromas caused by different chemicals, to straight up lewis-dot and skeletal notation of chemical bonds of saccharides and the like.

Id love to be presented with more culturally robust and interesting to read info! I live near St. A small brewery, about 40, barrels a year, mostly Lager. They have been brewing since about Lately they have been bottling a beer like a light bock and a different pilsner.

They have an open tap, so you can sample each type and choose whichever you prefer. Of course, the open tap is carefully monitored. It was a good experience knowing about lager n aile beer , top n bottom barrel was again a new thing, finally i shall now enjoy my beer more with the new pieces of information.

You say that brewing temperature is the primary difference between lager and ale. Reading through all the text, it sounds like ale is colder and lager is warmer… but then I read the bit about the monks and think the opposite.

So, which is it? Lagers are usually fermented at much colder temperatures than ales. Where are your references? The temps are determine by the yeast and the process.

The Colombian Exchange hybrid S. What the hell does beer talk have to do about murder? Beer has been an important part of history. Used for currency and wages.

A part of culture. It was a great job with good benefits. Drink too much and you get fired. Ale is not beer, Ale is brewed from hops.

Beer is brewed from grain. Your chemistry is basic high school stuff, and correct but Ale is not beer nor lager.

Ale just uses different type of yeast. Ale is beer, try can be brewed from grain, rice, nakt any carbohydrate, really. Hops is a herb which flavors beer because without it beer would be too sweet.

Been drinking beer since I was 16, now im 43 and I much prefer ale to beer. If anyone knows where I can get some good old american ale, it sure would be nice to know, budweiser made it years back, but they have discontinued it.

Here in Texas, I used to buy it at the local grocery store. It only came in 6 pac pry off bottles. Yes, I do, Manny! Full Suspension Pale Ale has no equal anywhere. The absolute best lager I have ever found is a New Zealand beer, called Stienhauser. Not to be rude, but the truth is, Budweiser and nearly all mass produced beers are just plain junk!

Fat Tire is a wonderful, smooth drinking ale. Fat Tire is one od the best in this country. I had stayed with my brother in law at florida and had tasted lager beer and wine of various types. We enjoyed the taste of it and were surprise to see a variety of wines and beers. He died in still drinking Krueger Ale. The label will tell ya, but, ales are a bit fruitier flavor, lagers are richer tasting, a bit fuller. Get some and so a side by side taste test, you will get it.

Never liked beer until few days ago. I went to German Embassy open house and I had to pick beer no other kinds of alcohol to pair with German sausage. The staff tried to explain what were different between a xxx lager and a xxx which I am sad I forgot it. I heard the ale for the 2nd choice so I picked it and this ale was the 1st beer I can sincerely say I love it!!!

Ale is smooth, flavor and less bitter. Pilsner Urquell is a very tasty brew for sure. Made in Plzen, Czech Republic. I travel the world drinking beer. Anything else is just marketing hype or ignorance. Porters, stouts, Browns, wheat, and Belgian ales are not marketing hype and not always bitter. Your email address will not be published. Better Yet is the Story! January 12, at 3: March 24, at 4: October 31, at December 10, at 3: December 14, at 9: April 26, at June 30, at 3: January 21, at June 11, at 8: June 26, at August 27, at 6: February 25, at 8: June 20, at 9: April 19, at 6: September 10, at 1: Both theorists and practitioners argue that the positioning statement should be written in a format that includes an identification of the target market , the market need, the product name and category, the key benefit delivered and the basis of the product's differentiation from any competing alternatives.

Unlike primary competitive alternative , our product statement of primary differentiation. That offers the benefits of safety [problem removal] as well as prestige [social approval]. And will downplay its previous family-car orientation in the interest of appealing to a broader range of users. Annotations, added in square brackets, were not in the original positioning statement, but are included here to show how the general format and elements of positioning statements described in the preceding discussion, have been applied to the specific example, which in this case is Volvo.

Differentiation is closely related to the concept of positioning. Differentiation is how a company's product is unique, by being the first, least expensive, or some other distinguishing factor. A product or brand may have many points of difference, but they may not all be meaningful or relevant to the target market. Positioning is something a perception that happens in the minds of the target market whereas differentiation is something that marketers do, whether through product design, pricing or promotional activity.

To be successful in a particular market a product must occupy an "explicit, distinct and proper place in the minds of all potential and existing consumers". Perceptual mapping discussed below is often used for this type of research. Visibility and recognition is what product positioning is all about as the positioning of a product is what the product represents for a buyer the business is targeting. As markets become increasingly competitive, buyer have more purchase choices, and the process of setting one brand apart from rival brands is critical success factor.

A number of different positioning strategies have been cited in the marketing literature: Business strategy strategies that successfully combine cost leadership with differentiation are referred to as hybrid competitive strategies. However, this approach contradicts Michael Porter's Incompatibility Hypothesis, which requires each business to choose one of the two strategies to generate competitive advantages. A hybrid strategy advocates the belief that Porter's generic competitive strategies do not always meet the demands of the dynamic environment of the business environment.

Therefore, Porter's approach has been critically reflected upon and a number of hybrid competitive strategies have been formulated to help companies flexibly combine competitive differentiation and cost leadership. The goal is to achieve a synchronous improvement in the differentiation and cost position. In the following, three different variants of the hybrid strategy are distinguished: Here, the processes for achieving cost leadership and differentiation run concurrently.

The company secures competitive advantages by adapting to different changing environmental conditions.

Due to the rapid changes in the market complex planning phases arise. This is a disadvantage of the simultaneous strategy. Corsten and Will argue that the simultaneo us achievement of cost leadership and differentiation through the design of production processes can be achieved. Here, the competitive requirements and the production strategy must be tailored to each other in the best possible way. Their strategic approa ch combines a favorable cost position with a strong differentiation.

Kaluza developed the approach of dynamic product differentiation to secure competitive advantages. At the heart of his strategy are changing customer preferences. The company must react flexibly to changes and be able to carry out a product change as quickly as possible. In order to achieve dynamic product differentiation, both technology, organization and employees must be optimally adapted to the company.

The sequential strategy also aims to combine the two competitive strategies of cost leadership and differentiation. This happens, however, alternately. Once a certain desired competitive position has been achieved, companies are encouraged to switch from one strategy to another. It is assumed that the benefits derived from the previously used strategy will remain with the company after the change. The cash flow generated in this way should be used in accordance with this view in order to carry out the strategy change.

Furthermore, this change often involves important innovations for the company. A disadvantage of the sequential strategy is that companies have a high need for financial resources. In addition, the change in strategies can lead to conflicts within the staff structure, as the leadership style of cost leaders tends to be harder and is said to have leaner staffing structures, whereas the differentiation strategy gives creative and managerial staff more creative freedom.

These disadvantages also explain why Porter assumes a lower profitability if the positioning is unclear. The goal of Gilbert and Strebel's outpacing strategies is to gain a competitive advantage by switching between the cost leadership and differentiation strategy options.

The produced goods should offer a high benefit at a low price. In the differentiation phase, if possible, product standards should be created, so that the costs decrease in the phase of cost leadership through process and product standardization. Due to changing conditions, the products must be renewed. This leads to a renewed pursuit of the differentiation strategy. Davis and Pine's mass customization strategy combines mass production with individual customer preferences.

As a result, advantages of cost leadership and differentiation are realized at the same time. The adaptation to buyers occurs due to fewer, but crucial features.

The Multilocal Strategy combines the two competitive strategies of cost leadership and differentiation with the company's inter nationalization strategy. The multi - local strategy results in a spatial decoupling of the respective strategic orientations. The two competitive strategies cost leadership and differentiation are linked here with the company's internationalization strategy The desire for cost leadership due to increasing homogenization of the international market is in contrast to the differentiation strategy due to local differences.

The goal of the strategies is to achieve the highest possible return on sales. The respective company must consider its own strengths and weaknesses when deciding on its international orientation.

Meffert makes a distinction here between four different types of strategies "Global", "Dual", "International" and "Multinational". The global strategy standardizes both the products and the production on an international level. The dual strategy pursues the simultaneous achievement of globalization and localization benefits. In the international strategy, the sales of the unadjusted products are carried out from the home market in foreign markets.

The multinational strategy aims at local adaptation of products. To identify suitable positions that a company or brand might occupy in a given market, analysts often turn to techniques such as perceptual mapping or corresondence analysis. Perceptual maps are a diagrammatic representation of consumers' mental perceptions of the relative place various brands occupy within a category. Traditionally perceptual mapping selects two variables that are relevant to consumers often, but not necessarily, price and quality and then asks a sample of the market to explain where they would place various brands in terms of the two variables.

Results are averaged across all respondents, and results are plotted on a graph to indicate how the average member of the population views the brand that make up a category and how each of the brands relates to other brands within the same category. While perceptual maps with two dimensions are common, multi-dimensional maps are also used.

A key advantage of perceptual mapping is that it can identify gaps in the market which the firm may choose to 'own. The following statistical procedures have been found to be useful in carrying out positioning analysis:. The right positioning strategy at the right time can help a brand build a powerful image in the mind of consumer s. This could be due to new market entrants, changed customer preferences, structural change within the target market such as ageing, segment creep or simply that customers have forgotten about a brand and its position.

When this happens, the company may need to consider a number of options: Repositioning involves a deliberate attempt to alter the way that consumers view a product or brand. Repositioning can be a high risk strategy, but sometimes there are few alternatives. Fishbein and Rosenberg's attitude models [3] [47] indicate that it is possible for a business to influence and change the positioning of the brand by manipulating various factors that will affect a consumer's attitude. Research on persons' attitudes suggests that a brand's position in a prospective consumer's mind is likely to be determined by the "combined total of a number of product characteristics such as the price, quality, durability, reliability, colour, and flavour".

In volatile markets, it can be necessary — even urgent — to reposition an entire company, rather than just a product line or brand. When Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley suddenly shifted from investment to commercial banks, for example, the expectations of investors, employees, clients and regulators all needed to shift, and each company needed to influence how these perceptions changed.

Doing so involves repositioning the entire firm. This is especially true of small and medium-sized firms, many of which often lack strong brands for individual product lines. In a prolonged recession, business approaches that were effective during healthy economies often become ineffective and it becomes necessary to change a firm's positioning.

Upscale restaurants, for example, which previously flourished on expense account dinners and corporate events, may for the first time need to stress value as a sale tool.

Repositioning a company involves more than a marketing challenge. It involves making hard decisions about how a market is shifting and how a firm's competitors will react. Often these decisions must be made without the benefit of sufficient information, simply because the definition of "volatility" is that change becomes difficult or impossible to predict.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Marketing Marketing Marketing management Key concepts. Behavioral targeting Brand ambassador Broadcasting Display advertising Drip marketing In-game advertising Mobile advertising Native advertising New media Online advertising Out-of-home advertising Point of sale Printing Product demonstration Promotional merchandise Publication Visual merchandising Web banner Word-of-mouth.

Advertising management Brand management Brand community Competitive advantage Consumer behaviour Customer engagement Marketing management Marketing strategy Point of difference Product management Renamed products list Right-time marketing Strategic management. International Brand Management of Chinese Companies:

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