Portland, Oregon

Archived from the original on October 17, In Commemoration of the 75th Anniversary of E. The Portland metropolitan area has historically had a significant LGBT population throughout the late 20th and 21st century.

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It was the first American city to have residents report thus, [38] and the Pacific International Livestock Exposition operated from May through September 10, processing people from the city, northern Oregon, and central Washington.

At the same time, Portland became a notorious hub for underground criminal activity and organized crime between the s and s. In spite of the city's seedier undercurrent of criminal activity, Portland enjoyed an economic and industrial surge during World War II.

Ship builder Henry J. Kaiser had been awarded contracts to build Liberty ships and aircraft carrier escorts, and chose sites in Portland and Vancouver, Washington , for work yards.

During the s, an influx of hippie subculture began to take root in the city in the wake of San Francisco 's burgeoning countercultural scene. The city has acquired a diverse range of nicknames throughout its history, though it is most often called "Rose City" or "The City of Roses", [47] the latter of which has been its unofficial nickname since and its official nickname since Portland lies on top of an extinct volcanic field known as the Boring Lava Field , named after the nearby bedroom community of Boring.

Multiple shallow, active fault lines traverse the Portland metropolitan area. Per a report, over 7, locations within the Portland area are at high-risk for landslides and soil liquefaction in the event of a major earthquake, including much of the city's west side such as Washington Park and sections of Clackamas County. Downtown Portland straddles the banks of the Willamette River, which flows north through the city center and separates the city's east and west neighborhoods. Though much of downtown Portland is relatively flat, the foothills of the Tualatin Mountains , more commonly referred to locally as the "West Hills", pierce through the northwest and southwest reaches of the city.

On clear days, Mt. Helens dominate the horizon, while Mt. Rainier can also be seen in the distance. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has an area of Portland's cityscape derives much of its character from the many bridges that span the Willamette River downtown, several of which are historic landmarks, and Portland has been nicknamed "Bridgetown" for many decades as a result.

Portland's newest bridge in the downtown area, Tilikum Crossing , opened in and is the first new bridge to span the Willamette in Portland since the opening of the double-decker Fremont Bridge.

Other bridges that span the Willamette river in the downtown area include the Burnside Bridge , the Ross Island Bridge both built , and the double-decker Marquam Bridge built Other bridges outside the downtown area include the Sellwood Bridge built to the south; and the St.

Johns Bridge , a Gothic revival suspension bridge built in , to the north. The Willamette River, which flows north through downtown, serves as the natural boundary between east and west Portland. The denser and earlier-developed west side extends into the lap of the West Hills , while the flatter east side fans out for roughly blocks until it meets the suburb of Gresham. In the cities of Portland, Albina , and East Portland were consolidated, creating inconsistent patterns of street names and addresses.

The "great renumbering" on September 2, standardized street naming patterns, divided Portland into five official quadrants, and changed house numbers from 20 per block to per block.

The five current addressing sections of Portland, which are known as quadrants despite there being five, [69] [70] have developed distinctive identities, with mild cultural differences and friendly rivalries between their residents, especially between those who live east of the Willamette River versus west of the river. The Willamette River divides the city into east and west while Burnside Street , which traverses the entire city lengthwise, divides the north and south.

In , the city's Bureau of Transportation finalized a plan to transition this part of Portland into South Portland, beginning in May and to be completed by May , to reduce confusions by dispatchers and delivery services. The Pearl District in Northwest Portland , which was largely occupied by warehouses, light industry and railroad classification yards in the early to midth century, now houses upscale art galleries , restaurants, and retail stores, and is one of the wealthiest neighborhoods in the city.

The northernmost point of the city, known simply as North Portland, is also largely residential; it contains the St. Johns neighborhood, which is historically one of the most ethnically diverse and poorest neighborhoods in the city. Old Town Chinatown is next to the Pearl District in Northwest Portland, while Southwest Portland consists largely of the downtown district , made up of commercial businesses, museums, skyscrapers , and public landmarks.

Portland's South Waterfront area has developed into a dense neighborhood of shops, condominiums, and apartments. Portland experiences a temperate climate with both oceanic and Mediterranean features. Of the three most populated cities within the Pacific Northwest Seattle, Vancouver, British Columbia and Portland Portland has the warmest average temperature, the highest number of sunshine hours, and the fewest inches of rainfall and snowfall. Summers in Portland are warm to hot, dry, and sunny.

The warmest month is August, with an average high temperature of The most degree days ever recorded in one year is 31, which happened recently in Severe weather, such as thunder and lightning , is uncommon and tornadoes are exceptionally rare. Winters are cool, cloudy, and rainy. The coldest month is December with an average daily high of There are only 2. Snowfall is uncommon with a normal yearly accumulation of 4. Portland has one of the warmest and least snowy winters of any non- Sun Belt city in the United States, with more than 25 percent of its winters receiving no snow whatsoever.

Neighborhoods outside of the downtown core, especially in slightly higher elevations near the West Hills and Mount Tabor , can experience a dusting of snow while downtown receives no accumulation at all. The city has experienced a few major snow and ice storms in its past with extreme totals having reached The census reported the city as Whites not of Hispanic origin made up In , Portland's African-American population was approximately 2, and largely consisted of railroad employees and their families.

The new influx of blacks settled in specific neighborhoods, such as the Albina district and Vanport. The May flood which destroyed Vanport eliminated the only integrated neighborhood, and an influx of blacks into the northeast quadrant of the city continued. Over two thirds of Oregon's African-American residents live in Portland. The remaining six schools have a higher number of non-whites, including blacks and Asians.

Hispanic students average from 3. Portland residents identifying solely as Asian Americans account for 7. Vietnamese Americans make up 2. With about 12, Vietnamese residing in the city proper, Portland has one of the largest Vietnamese populations in America per capita. Portland's population has been and remains predominantly white. A survey of the 40 largest cities in the U. Portland not only remains white, but migration to Portland is disproportionately white.

The Oregon Territory banned African American settlement in In the 19th century, certain laws allowed the immigration of Chinese laborers but prohibited them from owning property or bringing their families.

The largest influxes of minority populations occurred during World War II, as the African American population grew by a factor of 10 for wartime work. As they resettled, redlining directed the displaced workers from the wartime settlement to neighboring Albina.

In the s and s, radical skinhead groups flourished in Portland. The response to his murder involved a community-driven series of rallies, campaigns, nonprofits and events designed to address Portland's racial history, leading to a city considered significantly more tolerant than in at Seraw's death. As of the census , there are , people residing in the city, organized into , households.

The population density is 4, There are , housing units at an average density of Population growth in Portland increased Out of , households, The average household size is 2. The age distribution was The median age is 35 years. For every females, there are For every females age 18 and over, there are Out of the total population, Figures delineating the income levels based on race are not available at this time. According to the Modern Language Association , in The Portland metropolitan area has historically had a significant LGBT population throughout the late 20th and 21st century.

Latter Day Saints make up 2. Portland's location is beneficial for several industries. Relatively low energy cost, accessible resources, north—south and east—west Interstates, international air terminals, large marine shipping facilities, and both west coast intercontinental railroads are all economic advantages. The city's marine terminals alone handle over 13 million tons of cargo per year, and the port is home to one of the largest commercial dry docks in the country.

By the s, the steel industry became the city's number one industry for employment. The steel industry thrives in the region, with Schnitzer Steel Industries , a prominent steel company, shipping a record 1. Technology is a major component of the city's economy, with more than 1, technology companies existing within the metro. The Portland metro area has become a business cluster for athletic and footwear manufacturers. Portland-based Precision Castparts is one of two Fortune companies headquartered in Oregon, the other being Nike.

In , home prices in Portland grew faster than in any other city in the United States. Portland is home to a range of classical performing arts institutions, including the Portland Opera , the Oregon Symphony , and the Portland Youth Philharmonic ; the latter, established in , was the first youth orchestra established in the United States.

In , the Guardian named the city's music scene as one of the "most vibrant" in the United States. In the s, the city was home to a burgeoning punk scene, which included bands such as the Wipers and Dead Moon. A wide range of films have been shot in Portland, from various independent features to major big-budget productions see List of films shot in Oregon for a complete list.

Director Gus Van Sant has notably set and shot many of his films in the city. The series, which ran for eight seasons from to , [] was shot on location in Portland, and satirized the city as a hub of liberal politics, organic food, alternative lifestyles, and anti-establishment attitudes.

Portland premiered on MTV in An unusual feature of Portland entertainment is the large number of movie theaters serving beer, often with second-run or revival films. Portland hosts the world's longest-running H.

Lovecraft Film Festival [] at the Hollywood Theatre. Portland is home to numerous museums and educational institutions, ranging from art museums to institutions devoted to science and wildlife. The Portland Art Museum owns the city's largest art collection and presents a variety of touring exhibitions each year and, with the recent addition of the Modern and Contemporary Art wing, it became one of the United States' 25 largest museums.

Other museums include the Portland Children's Museum , a museum specifically geared for early childhood development; and the Oregon Historical Society Museum , founded in , which has a variety of books, film, pictures, artifacts, and maps dating back throughout Oregon's history. It houses permanent and temporary exhibits about Oregon history, and hosts traveling exhibits about the history of the United States.

Oaks Amusement Park , in the Sellwood district of Southeast Portland, is the city's only amusement park and is also one of the country's longest-running amusement parks. It has operated since and was known as the " Coney Island of the Northwest" upon its opening. Portland has been named the best city in the world for street food by several publications and news outlets, including the U. Portland hosts a number of festivals throughout the year that celebrate beer and brewing, including the Oregon Brewers Festival , held in Tom McCall Waterfront Park.

Held each summer during the last full weekend of July, it is the largest outdoor craft beer festival in North America, with over 70, attendees in Portland is often awarded "Greenest City in America" and similar designations. Popular Science awarded Portland the title of the Greenest City in America in , [] and Grist magazine listed it in as the second greenest city in the world.

Portland Diamond Project []. Portland is home to two major league sports franchises: The city has been often rumored to receive an additional franchise, although efforts to acquire a team have failed due to stadium funding issues. Portland sports fans are characterized by their passionate support.

The Trail Blazers sold out every home game between and , a span of consecutive games, the second-longest streak in American sports history. Two rival universities exist within Portland city limits: Portland State also has a football team. Additionally, the University of Oregon Ducks and the Oregon State University Beavers both receive substantial attention and support from many Portland residents, despite their campuses being and 84 miles from the city, respectively.

Running is a popular activity in Portland and every year the city hosts the Portland Marathon as well as parts of the Hood to Coast Relay , the world's largest long-distance relay race by number of participants. Portland serves as the center to an elite running group, the Nike Oregon Project , and is the residence of several elite runners including British Olympic 10,m and 5,m champion Mo Farah , American record holder at 10,m Galen Rupp , and American Olympic bronze medalist at 10,m Shalane Flanagan.

Portland also hosts numerous cycling events and has become an elite bicycle racing destination. Weekly events at Alpenrose Velodrome and Portland International Raceway allow for racing nearly every night of the week from March through September. Cyclocross races, such as the Cross Crusade , can attract over 1, riders and spectators.

In , voters in the Portland metropolitan region passed a regional bond measure to acquire valuable natural areas for fish, wildlife, and people. Portland is one of only four cities in the U. Mount Tabor Park is known for its scenic views and historic reservoirs. Portland's east side has several formal public gardens: Portland's downtown features two groups of contiguous city blocks dedicated for park space: Portland's city park system has been proclaimed one of the best in America.

In its ParkScore ranking, the Trust for Public Land reported Portland had the seventh best park system among the 50 most populous U. The city of Portland is governed by the Portland City Council, which includes the Mayor, four Commissioners, and an auditor. Each is elected citywide to serve a four-year term. The auditor provides checks and balances in the commission form of government and accountability for the use of public resources.

In addition, the auditor provides access to information and reports on various matters of city government. The city's Office of Neighborhood Involvement serves as a conduit between city government and Portland's 95 officially recognized neighborhoods. Each neighborhood is represented by a volunteer-based neighborhood association which serves as a liaison between residents of the neighborhood and the city government.

The city provides funding to neighborhood associations through seven district coalitions, each of which is a geographical grouping of several neighborhood associations. Most but not all neighborhood associations belong to one of these district coalitions.

Portland and its surrounding metropolitan area are served by Metro , the United States' only directly elected metropolitan planning organization. Metro's charter gives it responsibility for land use and transportation planning , solid waste management , and map development.

The Multnomah County government provides many services to the Portland area, as do Washington and Clackamas counties to the west and south. Law enforcement is provided by the Portland Police Bureau. Portland is a territorial charter city , and strongly favors the Democratic Party. All city offices are technically non-partisan. Portland's delegation to the Oregon Legislative Assembly is entirely Democratic.

In the current 76th Oregon Legislative Assembly , which first convened in , four state Senators represent Portland in the state Senate: Portland sends six Representatives to the state House of Representatives: Portland is split among three U. Most of the city is in the 3rd District , represented by Earl Blumenauer , who served on the city council from until his election to Congress in Most of the city west of the Willamette River is part of the 1st District , represented by Suzanne Bonamici.

A small portion of southwestern Portland is in the 5th District , represented by Kurt Schrader. All three are Democrats; a Republican has not represented a significant portion of Portland in the U. House of Representatives since In the presidential election , Democratic candidate Barack Obama easily carried Portland, winning , votes from city residents to 50, for his Republican rival, John McCain.

In the presidential election , Democratic candidate Barack Obama again easily carried Portland, winning , votes from Multnomah county residents to 70, for his Republican rival, Mitt Romney. Sam Adams , the former mayor of Portland, became the city's first openly gay mayor in The measure passed with Multnomah County is one of two counties where a majority voted against the initiative; the other is Benton County , which includes Corvallis , home of Oregon State University.

The city consulted with urban planners as far back as , resulting in the development of Washington Park and the Mile Loop greenway, which interconnects many of the city's parks. The opposite extreme, a city with few or no controls, is typically illustrated by Houston. Portland's urban growth boundary, adopted in , separates urban areas where high-density development is encouraged and focused from traditional farm land where restrictions on non-agricultural development are very strict.

The original state rules included a provision for expanding urban growth boundaries, but critics felt this wasn't being accomplished.

In , the State passed a law requiring cities to expand UGBs to provide enough undeveloped land for a year supply of future housing at projected growth levels. Oregon's " urban growth boundary " law limits the boundaries for large-scale development in each metropolitan area in Oregon. The Portland Development Commission is a semi-public agency that plays a major role in downtown development; city voters created it in to serve as the city's urban renewal agency.

It provides housing and economic development programs within the city, and works behind the scenes with major local developers to create large projects. The effort has had dramatic effects in the 30 years since, with many thousands of new housing units clustered in three areas: Historically, environmental consciousness has weighed significantly in the city's planning and development efforts. The institute works on urban park, trail, and natural areas planning issues, both at the local and regional levels.

As of , Portland was the largest city in the United States that did not add fluoride to its public water supply, [] and fluoridation has historically been a subject of controversy in the city. Fluoridation opponents forced a public vote on the issue, [] and on May 21, , city voters again rejected fluoridation. Henry , [] specifically found that full nudity and lap dances in strip clubs are protected speech.

In November , a Multnomah County judge dismissed charges against a nude bicyclist arrested on June 26, The judge stated that the city's annual World Naked Bike Ride —held each year in June since —has created a "well-established tradition" in Portland where cyclists may ride naked as a form of protest against cars and fossil fuel dependence.

A state law prohibiting publicly insulting a person in a way likely to provoke a violent response was tested in Portland and struck down unanimously by the State Supreme Court as violating protected free speech and being overly broad. In October , Forbes magazine rated Portland as the third safest city in America. Below is a sortable table containing violent crime data from each Portland neighborhood during the calendar year of Six public school districts and many private schools serve Portland.

Portland Public Schools is the largest school district, operating 85 public schools. Established in , Lincoln High School formerly Portland High School is the city's oldest public education institution, and is one of two of the oldest high schools west of the Mississippi River after San Francisco's Lowell High School. Former public schools in the city included Washington High School , which operated from until , as well as Adams and Jackson , which also closed the same year.

The city and surrounding metropolitan area is also home to a large number of Roman Catholic -affiliated private schools, including St. Portland State University has the second-largest enrollment rate of any university in the state after Oregon State University , with a student body of nearly 30, The Oregonian is the only daily general-interest newspaper serving Portland.

It also circulates throughout the state and in Clark County, Washington. Smaller local newspapers, distributed free of charge in newspaper boxes and at venues around the city, include the Portland Tribune general-interest paper published on Tuesdays and Thursdays , Willamette Week general-interest alternative weekly published on Wednesdays , The Portland Mercury another alt-weekly, targeted at younger urban readers published on Thursdays , The Asian Reporter a weekly covering Asian news, both international and local and The Skanner a weekly African-American newspaper covering both local and national news.

Portland Indymedia is one of the oldest and largest Independent Media Centers. The Portland Alliance , a largely anti-authoritarian progressive monthly, is the largest radical print paper in the city. A biweekly paper, Street Roots , is also sold within the city by members of the homeless community.

Portland Monthly is a monthly news and culture magazine. The Bee , over years old, is another neighborhood newspaper serving the inner southeast neighborhoods. Legacy Health , a non-profit healthcare system in Portland, operates multiple facilities in the city and surrounding suburbs. Adventist Medical Center also serves the city. Shriners Hospital for Children is a small children's hospital established in The Portland metropolitan area has transportation services common to major U.

The opened MAX system has expanded to five lines, with the latest being the Orange Line to Milwaukie , in service as of September The city-owned Portland Streetcar serves two routes in the Central City — downtown and adjacent districts.

The first line, which opened in and was extended in —, operates from the South Waterfront District through Portland State University and north through the West End of downtown, to shopping areas and dense residential districts north and northwest of downtown.

The second line that opened in added 3. However, it was renamed the Loop Service , with an A Loop clockwise and B Loop counterclockwise , when it became a complete loop with the opening of the Tilikum Crossing bridge. Fifth and Sixth avenues within downtown comprise the Portland Transit Mall , two streets devoted primarily to bus and light rail traffic with limited automobile access.

Opened in for buses, the transit mall was renovated and rebuilt in —09, with light rail added. Starting in and lasting nearly four decades, all transit service within downtown Portland was free, the area being known by TriMet as Fareless Square , but a need for minor budget cuts and funding needed for expansion prompted the agency to limit free rides to rail service only in , [] and subsequently to discontinue the fare-free zone entirely in TriMet provides real-time tracking of buses and trains with its TransitTracker, and makes the data available to software developers so they can create customized tools of their own.

I forms a loop with I-5 around the central downtown area of the city and I is a loop freeway route on the east side which connects to the Portland International Airport. Portland ranks 13th in traffic congestion of all American cities, and is 16th among all North American cities. Portland's main airport is Portland International Airport , about 20 minutes by car 40 minutes by MAX northeast of downtown. Portland is also home to Oregon's only public use heliport, the Portland Downtown Heliport.

Amtrak , the national passenger rail system, provides service to Portland at Union Station on three routes. The Amtrak Cascades state-supported trains operate between Vancouver and Eugene, Oregon , and serve Portland several times daily. The city is also served by Greyhound Lines intercity bus service which operates BoltBus an express bus service. The bus depot is about one block from the Portland Union Station. The city's first airport was the Swan Island Municipal Airport which was closed in the s.

Portland is the only city in the United States that owns operating mainline steam locomotives , donated to the city in by the railroads that ran them.

The "Holiday Express", pulled over the tracks of the Oregon Pacific Railroad on weekends in December, has become a Portland tradition over its several years running.

In Portland, cycling is a significant mode of transportation. As the city has been particularly supportive of urban bicycling it now ranks highly among the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world. See List of people from Portland, Oregon. Portland has ten sister cities and one "friendship city" Utrecht ; each city is required to maintain long-term involvement and participation: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

City in Oregon, United States. Geology of the Pacific Northwest. Rainier left and Mt. Helens right photographed from Mount Calvary Cemetery in Portland. Panorama of downtown Portland in the day. Panorama of downtown Portland at night. Neighborhoods of Portland, Oregon. Gentrification of Portland, Oregon.

Companies based in Portland, Oregon. The Hollywood Theatre is a non-profit organization. Avalon Theatre in the Belmont neighborhood plays second-run films. Sports in Portland, Oregon. List of parks in Portland, Oregon. Holly Farm Park is a relatively new park in Portland. The Portland Japanese Garden is a traditional Japanese garden that opened in Cathedral Park , under the St. Johns Bridge , hosts an annual jazz music festival.

Named in honor of Oregon's governor Tom McCall in , the park opened in Originally built as the private residence of The Oregonian publisher Henry Pittock , the grounds of Pittock Mansion are a public park. Government of Portland, Oregon. Education in Portland, Oregon.

Eliot Hall , Reed College. Urban Center, Portland State University. Media in Portland, Oregon. List of radio stations in Oregon and List of television stations in Oregon. List of hospitals in Portland, Oregon. Transportation in Portland, Oregon. MAX Light Rail is the centerpiece of the city's public transportation system.

Portland Streetcar is a three-line system serving downtown and nearby areas. Oregon portal United States portal. The Town that was Almost Boston". National Association of Scientific Materials Managers. Retrieved March 7, City of Portland, Oregon. Retrieved January 2, United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved December 21, Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. Retrieved October 30, Columbia River at Vancouver". Retrieved September 6, Retrieved January 4, United States Geological Survey.

Retrieved January 31, Encyclopedia of Politics of the American West. In Conforti, Joseph A. History and Place in Northern New England. University of New Hampshire Press. Retrieved 21 April Portland in the s: Stories from the Counterculture. Retrieved February 25, Published November 1st by Puffin Books first published October 1st To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Bound for Oregon , please sign up.

Greta Mitchell I read this-- great book-- and I think it around or so. See all 6 questions about Bound for Oregon…. Lists with This Book. I might be the only adult who reviewed this book.

Bound for Oregon is a wonderful book about Mary Ellen Todd and her trip with her family to Oregon in It is based on recollections collected by her daughter and historical research of things that happened on trips of the Oregon Trail. It is told in narrative form, from Mary Ellen's point of view. It chronicles every point of the trip - from the decision making and starting up to river crossings, plains crossings, Indians, mountains, dis I might be the only adult who reviewed this book.

It chronicles every point of the trip - from the decision making and starting up to river crossings, plains crossings, Indians, mountains, disease, death. It spares no part of the story - although descriptions are made for little ears. Put down Twilight, Harry Potter and Percy Jackson and read to your kids what it really took to survive a trip from Missouri to Oregon - one that can be made today in a 2 hour plane flight. Let their imaginations soak in the beautiful and yet unsettled land of this country and connect the dots to real places today - like Chimney Rock, Nebraska - mentioned throughout the book.

The spirit that made America great - and willing to take risks and work hard for their happiness. Recommend as a read along for and up.

Think 5th grade and up for reading themselves. Nov 27, Grace Bittle rated it it was ok. It ended just the way a thought it would. Sep 29, Issabella added it.

I thought that the book Bound for Oregon was a good book because I like adventure books and I also like dairies.

This book is placed under non-fiction. The main character Mary Todd and her family decide to go to the rich farming lands of Oregon. In order to get there they will have to face 2, miles of danger, disease, weather, rivers, water shortage and much more. After this do you think they will be able to tough it out or will th I thought that the book Bound for Oregon was a good book because I like adventure books and I also like dairies.

After this do you think they will be able to tough it out or will they turn back to Arkansas. Read the book and find out if all make it there alive of have they met death? I recommend this book to people who like a good adventure story. Dec 01, Sandra Fahrlender rated it really liked it. Good book about the Oregon Trail and how settlers traveled many miles by wagon train to Oregon for a better life.

Mary Todd tells her story and how her family survived the many trials of the trail. My 6th grade enjoyed it and it created a discussion on how others lived before technology. May 20, Bianca Rosa-Aviles rated it really liked it. Bound for Oregon is a straightforward narrative and a great introduction to historical fiction. Using this novel as a read aloud is great because it will allow the students to become truly invested in the story.

I used this novel for my fourth grade class during our Westward Expansion unit. This novel is based on the real-life experiences of a family who moved to Oregon. As the Todd family travels from Arkansas along the Oregon Trail, readers will "watch" up-close the hardships they faced and th Bound for Oregon is a straightforward narrative and a great introduction to historical fiction. As the Todd family travels from Arkansas along the Oregon Trail, readers will "watch" up-close the hardships they faced and the incredible determination and ingenuity of this pioneer family.

Additionally, readers will trace how Mary Ellen, the protagonist, copes with these challenges and how her relationships with and feelings towards her family evolve and strengthen over the course of the novel. In the end of the first chapter you get the idea that Mary Ellen has serious doubts about heading to Oregon; however, she also wants to please her dad, who is convinced they should go.

Investment in this novel is so important because this book allows students to explore historical information gather content. The chapters progress in a way that will give student more and more insight into the importance of their decision- to go on the trail and reveal more about how deliberate and thoughtful the father is. This book will also help students realize that it is not just the thunderstorm, which is frightening Mary Ellen, but rather all the potential hardships her family might encounter to get scholars to think critically whether it is really just a thunderstorm or something deeper she is afraid of.

As the book progresses, students will grow to appreciate just how extreme the dangers of the trail were. They will also realize that while the characters seemed to have a sense of the possible hardships, they did not grasp how demanding this journey would be. Later on in the book students will read scenes where the family comes across a pile of dead indians.

They will also read a racist term that was used for African Americans during this time period. It is a great teaching point to children. I decided to read the afterword aloud to the class as the author discusses why she chose to include not just this word, but other explicit scenes.

I used this book as a read aloud for just five chapters in order to invest them, as well as set up the more explicit parts of the book and then had my students read this book during independent reading times. However, you can definitely read the entire book as a read aloud! May 07, Gale rated it liked it. The Todd family of Arkansas proved flexible and resourceful during the six-month test of physical and moral endurance in the year of the terrible cholera epidemic.

Based on the diaries of adults and grown children of the Oregon Trail this book faithfully reproduces the challenges and dangers suffered by those seeking new lives in the Pacific northwest.

The oldest of three girls Mary Ellen is just 9 at the start of the story, but she comes of age by the end when she finally cracks Father's whip. Through the family's hardships she admires her father's quiet strength and dignity, as well as the resourcefulness of her step-mother. It is in times of trial that different family members step up to go the extra mile--taking their turn to ensure the survival of the group. Despite the hardships Mary Ellen still takes the time to admire the beauties of the Natural landscape passign before her.

While her body is busy with daily tasks, her heart cherishes fond memories of her Grandmother, whom she realizes she will never see again.

But this dear relative's face and words inspire the pioneer girl to discover personal courage in a barren wilderness. The accompanying map at the beginning of the book clarifies the geographic details of the long journey. Excellent westward migration reading for middle-school students. I welcome dialogue with teachers. Feb 26, Stacy M. Patton rated it it was amazing Shelves: This book is about a 9 year old girl named Mary Ellen and her journey with her family from Arkansas to Oregon.

This is a very entertaining, well written book that your children will enjoy as well as learn much about history. I read this to my son who is 10 and my daughter who is I had read this book to them years ago when we studied early American history and they still remembered it but enjoyed the second time as well. Along with learning about the journey west, I believe this book does an excellent job of teaching character.

He is also a man of much character. He always puts his wife and children first and is a strong leader in his family. He also always shares and helps anyone in need along the way. Even when that decision meant saying goodbye to friends. These issues created some great discussions among my children and myself. Feb 15, Katharine Ott rated it really liked it Shelves: Author Jean Van Leeuwen did extensive research and "Bound for Oregon" is an expansion of the true adventures of the Todd family as they traveled from Arkansas to Oregon in a covered wagon.

A nice touch is a map in the front with their trail marked which I consulted frequently. The struggles of everyday life at that time are magnified by the a "Louvina, are you awake? The struggles of everyday life at that time are magnified by the arduous trip and being a parent, it's hard to take in the enormity of preparing for the journey and the grueling hardships along the way.

The six-month journey is filled with privations - sickness and injury, livestock difficulties, disagreements between fellow voyagers, lack of food, Indian trouble and severe weather.

Van Leeuwen does a solid job of setting the scene and, as in other recently read historical fiction novels, I noted the strong religious faith that helped these hardy pioneers through their days. Songs of joy and sorrow lent comfort and the story ends with a nice touch, singing a psalm of thanksgiving - "so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.

Jul 03, Catherine Gillespie rated it liked it Shelves: Bound for Oregon is another pioneer tale, this one about a girl on the trip with her father, stepmother, and siblings. Plus it had very little information about Native American trib Bound for Oregon is another pioneer tale, this one about a girl on the trip with her father, stepmother, and siblings. Plus it had very little information about Native American tribes and she has decided that on the Oregon Trail she would prefer to be a tribal maiden rather than a girl forced to wear a sunbonnet.

That said, if you have a girl who prefers tamer adventures, or a girl who still needs to understand the pioneer perspective of the Oregon Trail as my daughter did, I thought Bound for Oregon was pretty good and quite interesting. Get more recommendations for great kids chapter book read alouds and adult books too on A Spirited Mind Mar 08, Araceli added it. Ellen didn't want to go to the Oregon, everybody wanted to go to the Oregon so Ellen went, too, John's mother wanted him to go because they were really poor, Ellen and her family got to the Oregon, they got to the Oregon but didn't have a place to live, and they found a place to live and lived like normal people.

They lived in Arkansas in a farm full of animals and pots her father made. Then they moved to Oregon to live a better life with money and with animals too. They also went to the outside Ellen didn't want to go to the Oregon, everybody wanted to go to the Oregon so Ellen went, too, John's mother wanted him to go because they were really poor, Ellen and her family got to the Oregon, they got to the Oregon but didn't have a place to live, and they found a place to live and lived like normal people.

They also went to the outside world more and saw a lot of nature. Life can be busy but not always. First, when you are moving somewhere else you have to do lots of thing. Next, sometimes life is not busy when you are traveling and don't have things to do. Finally, things are still busy even though you move somewhere else. I learned about thing that some days are busy and some are not. What I like about this book is that it says what is happening in the way to the Oregon. Oct 29, Kristen rated it liked it Recommends it for: Good descriptive narrative of a young girl's trip to Oregon in the s.

Based on a true account. Mary Ellen, at nine, is the oldest of three girls. Her father and stepmother are taking them to Oregon, along with John, a fifteen year old neighbor boy whose family cannot keep him.

What really comes through is the travelers' patience, common sense, determination, and quiet faith. When things get tough, time and again they turn to God for comfort. As in all pioneer stories, I'm always amazed at th Good descriptive narrative of a young girl's trip to Oregon in the s.

As in all pioneer stories, I'm always amazed at their ingenuity, their ability to create something from nothing. These people had amazing courage to leave their familiar world on what was known to be a very long and difficutl journey.

Apr 17, Elaine rated it really liked it Recommends it for: This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I really enjoyed this story of a family travelling the Oregon Trail, told from the point of view of a 9 year old girl making the journey.

It was a good portrait of life on the trail, the hardships and suffering, the camaraderie between the families who traveled together and the sadness that came when those friends parted from each other for one reason or another. It was realistic in portraying the disease and death, but it wasn't gruesome, and didn't dwell upon the deaths, and spoiler alert at I really enjoyed this story of a family travelling the Oregon Trail, told from the point of view of a 9 year old girl making the journey.

It was realistic in portraying the disease and death, but it wasn't gruesome, and didn't dwell upon the deaths, and spoiler alert at least her family survives, despite some real close calls with illness. I was worried it would be boring to read, but each chapter, they faced one ordeal after another!

I wouldn't say it was a "page-turner", but it kept our interest. After reading it, I and I hope my kids as well have a better appreciation of what these families went through to start a new life. Feb 26, Krista rated it it was amazing Shelves: Parts of the journey I liked very much, but some were tiresome. There was a great deal of sickness, and parts of the road were impossible to travel.

Based on a book written by the daughter of Mary Ellen Todd, it is the true story of Mary Ellen's family's long journey from Arkansas to Oregon by wagon. Everything in this book is well researched and is a very go "I have seen many curiosities since I last saw you. Everything in this book is well researched and is a very good introduction for children to the Oregon Trail. I really enjoyed this book because it is a true story and the author tells what happened to Mary Ellen after the story ends.

I would recommend it for 3rd-4th graders who are interested in the Oregon Trail and middle school aged children. May 11, Melissa rated it really liked it Shelves: This is a well-done story very much based on truth.

The writing is sweet and compelling. Emotions feel real, and there is a bond between father and daughter, along with growth in the characters, especially the main one, Mary Ellen. The pioneers at least the main family praise the Lord, sing hymns, and work to overcome difficulties. The children were not the wimpy, spoiled children that abound in these days.

We even as adults are so blessed and spoiled, and can learn from their generally than This is a well-done story very much based on truth. We even as adults are so blessed and spoiled, and can learn from their generally thankful attitude. I also appreciate the way Mary's father helped others, and was mostly a patient and kind man.

Jun 19, Mooboy rated it liked it Shelves: The story is part true and part made up with help from historical research. The main character is a nine year old girl named Mary Ellen Todd, and she is the oldest of three sisters. They started on the journey alone and later joined a large wagon train with hundreds of wagons in it. My favorite part of the book was when the mother had a baby boy on the middle of the trail, which they named Elijah.

I would recommend this book to someone who likes books by Laura Ingalls Wilder. Reviewed by Mooboy - Age

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